International Exchange Portal Site EVE/国際交流ポータルサイトEVE

□About Japan  [Past topics]




One of the administrative divisions in Japan.A generic name for the highest level of regional local public entities (metropolitan[都:to], provincial[道:dou], prefectural[府:fu], and prefectural[県:ken]) that encompass cities, towns, villages, and special wards. Together with cities, towns, and villages (市町村:shichouson), a type of ordinary local public entity.
Currently there are 47 prefectures (1 Metropolis: Tokyo, 1 Province: Hokkaido, 2 Prefectures: Kyoto and Osaka, 43 Prefectures: other than).
Prefectures began with the abolition of the han system (Tokyo, Osaka, Kyoto, and 302 prefectures) implemented by the Meiji government in 1871 (Meiji 4).Thereafter, consolidation and elimination were repeated, and in 1888 (Meiji 21), with the exception of Hokkaido, the number of prefectures was reduced to 3 prefectures and 43 prefectures. The Local Autonomy Law was promulgated in 1947, and Okinawa was returned to Japan from the United States in 1972 (Okinawa's reversion to mainland Japan), resulting in the current 47 prefectures.

[External link]
Statistics Bureau Japan
都道府県市区町村 (in Japanese)
・Prefectures of Japan - Wikipedia



Japanese castle

Japanese castles are often built in the mountains for military use, and in the latter half of the Warring States period, they were often built at important points of transportation such as highways and rivers.
As a result, castles were built on flat or hilly terrain, and many castles were built with a focus on politics and economy rather than military affairs.
Some of the castles had stone walls and castle towers, and there were many simple forts, and the scale and structure were diverse.
In addition, commercial cities such as Sakai and Hakata, Ishiyama Hongan-ji Temple, Odawara Castle, Osaka Castle, Edo Castle, etc. have also been constructed with moats and walls surrounding the city area.
It is believed that there used to be tens of thousands of castles in Japan, and in modern times, castles are being preserved and restored as cultural heritage and tourism resources.

[External link]
・Japanese castle - Wikipedia
・List of castles in Japan - Wikipedia
・天守の一覧 - Wikipedia (in Japanese)
A Collection of Photographs of Japanese Castles



2021 TOP10
foreign residents by prefecture

Total number of foreign residents in Japan: 2,823,565

1.Tokyo 541,807 people

Since Tokyo has the head offices and educational institutions of many companies, many highly-skilled human resources and international students in technology, humanities, and international affairs are gathered.
It accounts for 20% of foreign residents in Japan, with many people from China and South Korea especially in Shinjuku Ward, and many in the United States and Europe in Minato Ward.
In addition, it seems that there is a bias depending on the region, such as Adachi Ward for Filipinos and Edogawa Ward for Indians.
In addition, Hachioji City has many universities, so many international students are staying there.

[Foreign residents by nationality]
 1.China 214,168 people
 2.Korea 86,788 people
 3.Vietnam 35,924 people
 4.Philippines 33,378 people
 5.Nepal 25,095 people
 6.U.S.A 18,391 people
 7.Taiwan 18,099 people
 8.India 12,967 people
   Others 96,997 people

2.Aichi 269,685 people

The most common foreigners in Aichi prefecture are Brazilians.
The reason why there are many Brazilians is that there are many factories of companies that represent Japan such as Toyota Motor Corporation, and there are many people who work there.
Also, the high hourly wage seems to be related to the fact that it is easy for international students to choose Aichi.

[Foreign residents by nationality]
 1.Brazil 59,536 people
 2.China 46,454 people
 3.Vietnam 44,422 people
 4.Philippines 38,965 people
 5.Korea 29,949 people
 6.Nepal 8,496 people
 7.Peru 7,699 people
   Others 34,164 people

3.Osaka 250,071 people

Osaka is the second largest tourist city after Tokyo.
The rate of increase in foreigners visiting Osaka is one of the highest in the world.
Reasons for this include the high quality of food culture, the increase in free Wi-Fi, the emphasis on multilingual support, and the fact that there are many manuals for foreigners. Also, it seems that many people move to Osaka because they feel that it is easy to live in Osaka by visiting Osaka for sightseeing.

[Foreign residents by nationality]
 1.Korea 92,451 people
 2.China 65,742 people
 3.Vietnam 40,060 people
 4.Philippines 9,284 people
 5.Taiwan 5,694 people
 6.Nepal 4,538 people
 7.Indonesia 3,711 people
   Others 34,164 people

 4.Kanagawa 230,301 people
 5.Saitama 198,548 people
 6.Chiba 168,048 people
 7.Hyogo 113,772 people
 8.Shizuoka 99,143 people
 9.Fukuoka 79,206 people
10.Ibaraki 72,279 people

Source : e-Stat

[External link]
・Immigration to Japan - Wikipedia
Immigration Services Agency of Japan


□Pop culture  [Past topics]

[TV program]



His real name is 乙茂内 美奈(Mina Otomonai).
A trilingual rapper / singer who skillfully manipulates Japanese, Korean, and English.
Born October 14, 1998 in South Korea to a Japanese father and a Korean mother.She lived in South Korea until she was three years old, after which she spent her childhood traveling between South Korea, Japan and the United States.
On April 18, 2016,Delivered the debut single "Minor".Topped the iTunes Store hip-hop rankings.
On March 8, 2017, the major debut album "Minor" was released from Victor Entertainment.Recorded the highest number 59 on the Oricon chart.
Transferred to Warner Music Japan in September 2018.

[External link]
・ちゃんみな [CHANMINA] - YouTube
・ちゃんみな CHANMINA - Twitter
・minachanxx - Instagram
・chanmina_official - TikTok
・Chanmina - Wikipedia



Godzilla film series

Since the first Godzilla movie was released in 1954, sequels and new series have been produced many times, and the Japanese special effects monster movie "Godzilla" has made a name for itself around the world.
The cumulative audience for the series has exceeded 100 million, and its popularity has transcended the oceans, with Hollywood also making a live-action film of the series.
Godzilla" was modeled after bipedal dinosaurs, including large theropods, and based on the knowledge of dinosaurs at the time of the first film's release, its external form was designed with its body standing vertically from the ground.

ゴジラオフィシャルサイト (in Japanese)
映画『シン・ゴジラ』公式サイト (in Japanese)
映画『ゴジラvsコング』公式サイト (in Japanese)
ゴジラ・ストア (in Japanese)
・Godzilla Channel - YouTube (in Japanese)
・Godzilla (franchise) - Wikipedia
・Godzilla - Wikipedia



Nippon inspection team

MC:Bacusyoumonndai(太田光/Hikari Ota 田中裕二/Yuji Tanaka) A variety show that was broadcast on the TV Asahi series from October 11, 2014 to September 7, 2019.
It is being broadcast as an irregular special program even after the end of regular broadcasting.
Along with foreign students who want to know more about Japan, this is a wonderful thing unique to Japan that hides in familiar products and services!Nippon style! Broadcast how to learn about what can be said.

[External link]
・ニッポン視察団 - TV Asahi (in Japanese)




Original: 大島司(Tsukasa Oshima)
A soccer manga that has sold more than 50 million copies in total.
It was serialized in "Weekly Shonen Magazine" (Kodansha) for about 13 years from issue #36 in 1990 to issue #24 in 2003.
In 1994, he won the 18th Kodansha Manga Award for Juvenile Division.
A four-part series
Part I: "Shoot!
Serialization: Issue 36, 1990 - Issue 42, 1996
Part II: "Shoot! Aoki Meguriai"
Serialization: Issue 44, 1996 - Issue 42, 1997
Part III: "Shoot! A Hot Challenge"
Serialization: Issue 48, 1997 - Issue 11, 2000
Part 4: "Shoot! A New Legend"
Serialization: Issue 15, 2000 - Issue 24, 2003
From November 7, 1993 to December 25, 1994, Fuji Television Network, Inc. and was adapted into an anime under the title "Aoki Densetsu Shute!
From November 7, 1993 to December 25, 1994, Fuji TV series "Aoki Densetsu Shoot! " Animated with the title.
In 2014, "Weekly Shonen Magazine" No. 28 published a read-out of the sequel depicting the World Cup in Brazil.
From July 2022, the sequel "Shoot! Goal to the Future" is being broadcast on AT-X and others with a completely original story.

[External link]
・Shoot! (manga) - Wikipedia
アニメ「シュート! Goal to the Future」公式サイト (in Japanese)
・shoot! Goal to the Future” begins - Kakegawa Tourism Association
・この夏、掛川が舞台のアニメ「シュート!」が熱い!! - 掛川市 (in Japanese)


Original:鳥山明 (Akira Toriyama)
It was serialized in "Weekly Shonen Jump" (Shueisha) for about 10 and a half years from issue 51 in 1984 to issue 25 in 1995.
Dragon Ball" and "Dragon Ball Z" were broadcast as animated TV series on Fuji Television from 1986 to 1996, recording an average viewership rating of over 20% during the 11-year period of broadcast. The series was broadcast in more than 80 countries around the world.
After that, "Dragon Ball Kai" was a digitally remastered and re-edited version of "Dragon Ball GT" and "Dragon Ball Z" aired on Fuji Television Network from 1996 to 1997, with the first season: 2009 to 2011 and the second season: 2014 to 2015.
Subsequently, "Dragon Ball Super," the first completely new TV anime series in 18 years since "Dragon Ball GT," was broadcast from 2015 to 2018 on Fuji TV.
Other developments include movies and games, and as of 2019, the total sales of manga, anime series, and game productions reached $23 billion (about 2.5 trillion yen), representing Japanese manga and anime.

[External link]
Dragon Ball Official Site (in Japanese)
・Dragon Ball Series - FOD (in Japanese)
・Dragon Ball - Toei Animation
・Dragon Ball Z - Toei Animation (in Japanese)
・Dragon Ball GT - Toei Animation (in Japanese)
・DRAGON BALL KAI - Toei Animation (in Japanese)
・Dragon Ball Super - Toei Animation (in Japanese)
・Dragon Ball - Wikipedia
・Dragon Ball (TV series) - Wikipedia



Pokemon Red and Blue

Category:Computer game
Genre:Role playing game
Platform:Game Boy
Release:Pokemon Red Version/February 27, 1996
     Pokemon Blue Version/October 15, 1996 Sales:About 20.68 million copies
Publisher:Nintendo Co., Ltd.

"Pokemon Red / Green" is a general term for "Pokemon Red Version" and "Pokemon Blue Version".
Pokemon Red Version and Pokemon Blue Version are 1996 role-playing video games developed by Game Freak and published by Nintendo for the Game Boy.
They are the first installments of the Pokemon video game series.
They were first released in Japan in 1996 as Pocket Monsters: Red and Pocket Monsters: Green, with the special edition Pocket Monsters: Blue being released in Japan later that same year.
The games were later released as Pokemon Red and Pokemon Blue in North America and Australia in 1998 and Europe in 1999.
Pokemon Red and Pokemon Blue combined Red/Green/Blue for release outside of Japan.

[External link]
・Pokemon Red and Blue - PokeMoN
・ポケットモンスター 赤・緑 - PokeMoN (in Japanese)
・ポケットモンスター赤・緑 - 任天堂 (in Japanese)



The 100 Most Beautiful Faces of 2021


Singer / dancer / model
Born : March 27,1997
Birthplace : Thai

[External link]
・LISA- Instagram
・Lilifilm Official- YouTube

2.Emilie Marie Nereng

Blogger / musician
Born : November 3,1995
Birthplace: Norway

[External link]
・emilienutrition- instagram
・Emilie Marie Nereng- Wikipedia
・Emilie Marie Nereng - Google Arts & Culture

3.Halima Aden

Born : September 19,1997
Birthplace: Kenya

[External link]
・halima- instagram
・Halima Aden- Wikipedia

  4. Ivana Alawi
     Actress / Model / YouTuber
     Born:December 25,1996

  5. Nancy Jewel Mcdonie
     Singer / actress
     Birthplace:South Korea
     Born:April 13,2000

  6. Yael Shelbia
     Born:August 31,2001

  7. TZUYU
     Singer / dancer
     Born:June 14,1999

  8. Lyodra Ginting
     Singer / actress
     Born:June 21, 2003

  9. Jasmine Tookes
     Born:February 1,1991

 10. Nana
     Actress / singer / model 
     Birthplace:South Korea
     Born:September 14, 1991
 24. SANA
     Singer / dancer
     Born:December 29,1996
 40. YUKI
     Born:November 6,2002
 56. 山本舞香 / Maika Yamamoto
     Actress / model 
     Born:October 13, 1997
 68. MOMO / 平井もも
     Singer / dancer / model
     Born:November 9, 1996
 72. 小松菜奈 / Nana Komatu
     Actress / model
     Born:February 16,1996
 89. 石原さとみ / Satomi Ishihara
     Born:December 24,1986
100. Natalie Portman
     Actress / model / director 
     Born:June 9,1981

[External link]
・The 100 Most Beautiful Faces of 2021 - YouTube



[Historical figure]
[Architecture / Facility]
[Emperor System]

〇Historical figure

Maeda Keijirou - Toshimasu

Birth: 2nd year of 1533 * First year of 1532 -There is a theory that it is 10th year of 1541.
Death: November 9, 1605 (December 18, 1605) * There is a theory that it is June 4, 17 (July 2, 1612).
Warlords from the end of the Warring States period to the beginning of the Edo period.
While being hailed as a "Kabukimono" by many anecdotes mixed with truth, he was also a literary military commander with a high cultural background.

[External link]
・Maeda Toshimasu - Wikipedia



Joya no kane

The "Joya no kane" that rings between midnight from New Year's Eve to New Year's Day.It is one of the Japanese Buddhist events to make a temple bell on New Year's Eve.The sound of the bell, which has been ringing as a time signal since ancient times, not only informs people of the time, but also reminds us of the sound and voice of the Buddha.Those who listened to the sound were said to have the merit of escaping all suffering and reaching enlightenment. In many temples, the joya no kane is ringing 108 times.There are various theories as to the reason for the number of "108", and the famous one is that it comes from the number of worldly desires.The number of times to ring the joya no kane is not fixed at 108 times, and some temples ring more than 200 times.

[External link]
・知恩院公式チャンネル - 【LIVE】知恩院除夜の鐘2021 (in Japanese)



kimono (着物:Japanese clothing)

Traditional Japanese ethnic clothing that was worn until the Meiji period (1868-1912) when Western clothing culture was introduced.Also called wafuku.
Beginning with one-piece pieces made of animal skins, plant skins, and feathers in the Jomon period, they have changed and evolved along with the background of each period to create their current form.
Craft techniques with rich characteristics have developed in various parts of Japan, such as Nishijin textiles(西陣織) and yuzen dyeing in Kyoto, Kaga yuzen(加賀友禅), and Echigo crepe(越後縮緬).

Types of Kimono for Women [formal wear]

Tomesode dyed in black ground color.The ebane pattern is placed only below the waist.Kuro-tomesode is considered formal civilian attire.

Tomesode dyed in a base color other than black.Originally formal attire for married women, it is nowadays often worn by unmarried women.Not only five crests(五つ紋:Itsutsumon), but also three(三つ紋:Mitsumon) or one crest(一つ紋:Hitotsumon) may be used.
Since black is considered the "color of mourning" and it is customary not to wear black tomesode for court events, shiro-tomesode is considered the official color.

Formal attire with an eba pattern(絵羽模様), mainly for unmarried women.It is characterized by long sleeves and can be classified into three types according to the length of the sleeves: large(大振袖:Oo-furisode), medium(中振袖:Chu-frisode), and small furisode(小振袖:Ko-furisode).There are also many furisode (long-sleeved kimono) with komon(小紋) or plain colors, not limited to the ebane pattern.

Houmongi(訪問着:semi-formal kimono)
An abbreviated formal dress for women (unmarried or married) with an eba pattern(絵羽模様)that extends from the bust to the entire body, suitable for various parties, etc.
Mourning dress
It is a plain black cloth with five crests and is used for mourning.There is also an abbreviated form of mourning dress that combines a black obi with a sober ground color such as rat, brown, or navy blue.Abbreviated mourning clothes (colored mourning clothes) are worn when black mourning clothes are too heavy to wear due to the closeness or remoteness of the attendees or distant relatives, or on the occasion of the annual anniversary of the death of a loved one (usually after the third anniversary of the death of a loved one).
Originally white (even today, white mourning clothes are still used in some regions), but black has been the color of formal wear since the Meiji era (1868-1912), and black is more common today due to the sense of mourning that black in Western-style dress implies.

A simplified version of the Houmongi(訪問着)with a one-pointed pattern on the left shoulder.This is an abbreviated formal wear that is not as formal as the Houmongi.
The common Tsukesage is often worn at non-ceremonial parties.
Hakama for women are considered one of the formal attire for female students and teachers.During the Meiji and Taisho periods (1868-1912), it became popular for female students to wear hakama as daily school attire, and this became a part of Japanese culture.
Even today, hakama are worn as formal attire at school ceremonies such as entrance and graduation ceremonies.

Types of Kimono for Women [Casual wear]

The name katazome(型染め)comes from the fine pattern on the entire fabric, and it is used for a wide range of purposes.
According to the pattern, they can be classified into three types: Edo komon(江戸小紋), Kaga komon(加賀小紋), and Kyo komon(京小紋).

A yarn-dyed woven fabric made of tsumugi thread, used mainly for everyday wear.The fabric is durable and firm.
Many of them, such as Yuuki Tsumugi and Kumejima Tsumugi, are designated as national important intangible cultural assets.

Casual Japanese dress without haori(羽織:Japanese formal coat)and Jyuban(襦袢:Japanese undershirt).The original yukatabira(湯帷子)was worn by aristocrats during the Heian period (794-1185) when taking a bath, and many of these thin fabrics are airy and quick-drying.In the past, it was worn as a bathrobe or nightgown.
Today, yukata is one of the most fashionable items to wear during the summer season, and yukata for women in particular are often gorgeous in pattern and color.

Types of Kimono for Men[formal wear]

It is the first formal attire, equivalent to a morning coat or tuxedo in Western dress, and is accepted at all ceremonial weddings and funerals.
Regardless of age, the bride wears a haori and hakama with five crests.

It is worn as semi-formal or informal formal wear.A kimono with a base color other than black and a crest dyed through. There are five crests, three crests, one crest, etc., and a kimono and haori are worn.

Types of Kimono for Men[Casual wear]

Kinagashi(着流し:Dressing casually)
It is a common going-out wear without crest and without hakama.If the haori is not worn, it becomes street or everyday wear.

Yukata(浴衣:casual cotton Kimono)
The kimono is the most casual kimono without haori and jyuban, and is a relaxed summer wear.
In modern times, it is worn at fireworks displays, summer festivals, and when relaxing at home, as well as for light street wear.

[External link]
Nishijin Textile Industry Association
Kyoyuzen Shinkou Kyougikai
Tango Textile Industrial Association
・Kimono - Wikipedia
・Nishijin-ori - Wikipedia
・Yuzen - Wikipedia
・Crepe (textile) - Wikipedia


〇Architecture / Facility


Sento(銭湯) is a type of public bath in Japan and is also called Furoya(風呂屋) or Yuya(湯屋).
In the 6th century, when Buddhism was introduced, a "bath hall(浴堂)" was set up in the temple to cleanse the monks, and in the Kamakura period, temples and shrines that were open to the general public for free appeared, and after that, bathing fees were taken.This is said to be the beginning of the public bath(銭湯).
After that, it was handed down to today's "sento(銭湯)" while changing its style with the times, and is still widely loved by the common people as a Japanese lifestyle culture that lives on in people's lives.
A tall exhaust chimney is one of the symbols because a large amount of hot water is boiled in the boiler.In addition, some public baths use hot springs.

[External link]
・外国人の銭湯入門 - DiGJAPAN! (in Japanese)
・TOKYO SENTO - 東京都浴場組合
・Sento - Wikipedia


〇Emperor System

Emperor system
Symbolic emperor system

Under the Meiji Constitution from the Meiji era to the end of World War II, the emperor ruled the nation as a monarch.
A system that makes the Emperor a symbol of Japan and the unification of the Japanese people, as stipulated in the Constitution of Japan after the end of World War II.


□Tourism [Past topics]

[Tourist spot]

〇Tourist spot

Life-size Gundam

A statue model made with Gundam at a height of 18m as set. It is also called "1/1 Gundam".
The basic structure is a steel frame covered with an FRP exterior, and it has a very elaborate structure such as detail modeling and marking corresponding to the scale, gimmicks such as movement of the neck and limbs and mist release, and lighting of each part.
The RX-78-2 Gundam was built in 2009, and in the same year it was opened to the public at Tokyo Odaiba and Shiokaze Park as part of the Gundam Broadcasting 30th Anniversary and the GREEN TOKYO Gundam Project, and has been released all over the country.

[External link]
The Life-Sized Unicorn Gundam statue
・GREEN TOKYO ガンダムプロジェクト - Wikipedia (in Japanese)




A type of teppanyaki made with flour and chicken eggs, squid, pork, cabbage, and other ingredients, and seasoned with sauce, aonori (green laver), and other ingredients.
Okonomiyaki began as flour dissolved in water and baked flat. Although okonomiyaki is a familiar food for Japanese tables, it is said to have originated in China during the reign of Confucius.
Later, it came to Japan, where Sen no Rikyu established it as a tea cakes and people began to eat it.
From chagashi (tea sweets) to choboyaki, which is said to be the prototype of takoyaki, and then to monjayaki during the Meiji period (1868-1912), it was transformed into monjayaki.
In the Taisho era (1912-1926), "Dondo-yaki," a more advanced version of "monjayaki," appeared.
In the Kinki region, centering on Osaka and Kyoto, dongdon-yaki is called "issen yoshoku," or "one-sen yoshoku," and is a big hit! During the postwar food crisis, there was a shortage of rice, and "ichisen yoshoku" attracted attention as a dish that could be made from the large amount of flour rationed by the U.S. military, giving birth to okonomiyaki.

[Kansai-style okonomiyaki]
Mix ingredients into the batter with egg and yam juice and bake.

[Hiroshima-yaki (Hiroshima-style okonomiyaki)]
Ingredients and Chinese noodles are often baked individually and sandwiched between thin dough and a fried egg

A thin layer of dough is spread on top, and cabbage is placed on top of the dough, and then baked with green onions, red ginger, squid, hormone, etc.

[Enshu-yaki (traditional Japanese pottery)]
The okonomiyaki dough is mixed with minced local specialty takuan (pickled radish), red ginger, and green onion, baked thin, and seasoned with soy sauce or Worcestershire sauce.

It is a local delicacy of the Hinase area in Bizen City, Okayama Prefecture.
It is believed to have originated in Nissei, where fishermen's wives ate small or damaged oysters in okonomiyaki.

[External link]
・日本のお好み焼き - RETRIP (in Japanese)
・ べた焼きの本場でおすすめの人気店10選 - macaroni (in Japanese)
・ 浜松市のご当地グルメ 遠州焼き - TOKAIネットワーククラブ (in Japanese)
・ 岡山のカキオコおすすめ5選 - じゃらんnet (in Japanese)
・お好み焼ネット - にっぽんお好み焼き協会 (in Japanese)
Oconomiyaki Academy
・Okonomiyaki - Wikipedia



Castle of the Year 2021 TOP10

1.Matsumoto Castle (Nagano)

Matsumoto Castle, with its black clapboard clad part, was built between the late Azuchi-Momoyama period and the early Edo period (1603-1868).
The ruins of the castle are designated as a national historic site, and it is one of the five castles whose keep is designated as a national treasure (the others are Himeji Castle, Inuyama Castle, Hikone Castle, and Matsue Castle).
Matsumoto Castle was a flat castle built on a flatland at an elevation of 590 meters above sea level on a flatland within a basin. The castle was fortified with three water moats, earthen mounds and stone walls surrounding the castle, and turrets and gates on the entrances, entrances and earthen mounds, with warriors residing in the San-no-maru area to fortify the fortifications.

[External link]
Matsumoto Castle
・ドローン空撮 国宝松本城 - YouTube (in Japanese)
・Matsumoto Castle - Wikipedia

2.Himeji Castle

It is characterized by the bright white walls of the white plaster all-nurikago structure and the interconnected castle tower, which consists of a five-story, seven-story main tower and smaller towers on the east, west, and dry side, connected by a ferry tower.
The main buildings, including the castle tower and turrets, built in the early Edo period still exist, and the castle tower is one of the five castles designated as a National Treasure (the others are Himeji Castle, Inuyama Castle, Hikone Castle, and Matsue Castle).
The inner part of the central moat, including the main fortification, is designated as a national special historic site as "Himeji Castle Ruins.
The castle is on UNESCO's World Heritage List and is one of the 100 best castles in Japan.
It is nicknamed "Shirasagijo" (White Heron Castle) because of its graceful appearance, which resembles a white heron spreading its wings.

[External link]
Himeji Castle
・Himeji Castle - Wikipedia

3.Inuyama Castle

Built by Nobuyasu Oda, an uncle of Nobunaga Oda, in 1537 during the Muromachi period (1336-1573), it is the oldest existing wooden castle tower in Japan.
The watchtower-shaped, three-story, four-story, two-basement, compound-style keep is one of only five castles designated as a National Treasure (the others are Himeji, Matsumoto, Hikone, and Matsue castles).
The ruins of the castle have been designated as a national historic site as "Ruins of Inuyama Castle.
The view from the top floor of the castle tower, built on top of a small mountain by the Kiso River, is truly spectacular. In the vicinity are the old streets of Inuyama Castle Town and many tourist facilities.

[External link]
Inuyama Castle, National Treasure
・Inuyama Castle - Wikipedia

 4.Kumamoto Castle (Kumamoto)
   [External link]
   ・ Kumamoto Castle

 5.Hikone Castle (Shiga)
   [External link]
   ・ Hikone Castle

 6.Aizuwakamatsu Castle (Fukushima)
   [External link]
   ・Aizuwakamatsu Castle - Wikipedia

 7.Gifu Castle (Gifu)
   [External link]
   ・Gifu Castle - Wikipedia

 8.Azuchi Castle (Shiga)
   [External link]
   ・Azuchi Castle - Wikipedia

 9.Bitchu Matsuyama Castle (Okayama)
   [External link]
   ・Bitchu Matsuyama Castle - Wikipedia

10.Odawara Castle (Kanagawa)
    [External link]
    ・Odawara Castle - Wikipedia
※Shirobito-style "Recommended Castles" Questionnaire Survey

[External link]
城びと (in Japanese)


□Living in japan [Past topics]

[Studying in Japan]
[Work in japan]

〇Studying in Japan

How to study abroad in Japan?

Admission qualification
In order for a foreigner to enroll in a Japanese vocational school as an "international student," it is a general rule that he / she has completed a 12-year curriculum in a foreign country before enrollment.
However, even if the number of years of study is less than "12 years", the period studied in the preparatory education course after coming to Japan can be added up, and the qualification for admission to a foreign university designated by the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology and the accreditation of an international evaluation organization can be obtained.The educational facilities that you receive are exceptionally eligible for admission.
Foreign "those who have completed a course of 11 years or more" designated separately by the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology are also considered to be equivalent to or higher than high school graduates, and operations have begun to allow admission to vocational schools, etc.It will be designated and notified by the ministry in the future.
Apart from the above, each vocational school can admit admission based on its own "individual examination", but in this case there is an age requirement of "18 years old or older".

Step1) Collecting information about the school of your choice

Use information magazines and events / seminars related to studying abroad to collect information and find a study abroad destination that suits you.

Step2) Submission of application and required documents

Complete the application form for the school that decided to take the examination and submit the necessary documents.Depending on the school, you will often be asked to provide a formal language test score.The following are typical language proficiency tests.
Japanese Language Proficiency Test
The Japanese Language Proficiency Test is the most representative test for certifying foreigners' Japanese language proficiency, and is widely known among overseas learners of Japanese language and business people.
Examination for Japanese University Admission for International Students
On the other hand, for international students who first study at a Japanese language institution after coming to Japan and aim to go on to a vocational school or university, the Examination for Japanese University Admission for International Students (EJU) is generally taken. EJU is also taking a wide range of examinations for foreigners who wish to enter overseas directly with admission before coming to Japan. The exams are held twice a year in June and November both in Japan and overseas, and the exam subjects are Japanese, mathematics, science, (choose two subjects from physics, chemistry, and biology), and general subjects.
If you want to enter a Japanese vocational school (excluding the Japanese language course) directly from overseas, the guideline is 200 points or more for "Japanese" in the same exam.
This is just an example. Please be sure to check the school you are taking because it depends on the school.

[External link]
Japanese-Language Proficiency Test
Japan Student Services Organization

Step3) Admission decision / acquisition of status of residence

Once admission is decided, we will issue an admission permit and obtain a status of residence.
What is status of residence?
This is the qualification (permit) required for a foreigner to stay in Japan.
Foreigners who enter Japan and stay for a medium to long term, including "College Student" students, must obtain a status of residence that matches their activities.
Procedure for obtaining status of residence
If you want to enroll in a Japanese vocational school directly from overseas, you must complete the procedure for obtaining a status of residence.
Generally, prior to obtaining a visa at a Japanese diplomatic mission abroad (the Japanese embassy or consulate general in the country of origin of an international student), the applicant's desired activity purpose corresponds to the status of residence. You will have to go through the procedure to confirm that it is in compliance with the standards of the law.
This is the procedure that is referred to as the "Certificate of Eligibility grant application (Immigration Control Act Article 7 2)".
If you receive a Certificate of Eligibility, the activities you intend to carry out in Japan after coming to Japan correspond to one of the statuses of residence (“Study Abroad” for international students) and also meet the landing standards. Presenting the certificate has the advantage that the procedure will be relatively smooth when issuing a visa (visa) in your home country or when you actually undergo immigration inspection in Japan.

Step4) Visa application

After obtaining admission from your study abroad destination, you must obtain a visa to enter Japan.When applying for a visa, presenting the Certificate of Eligibility obtained in STEP 3 will facilitate the procedure.
Application procedure
In order to obtain the visa required for studying abroad, foreigners who wish to enter or study abroad in Japan must apply at the Japanese embassy or consulate general (diplomatic mission abroad) in their home country. In order for applicants to study abroad to obtain a visa smoothly, it is common to obtain the above-mentioned Certificate of Eligibility and attach / submit it to the required documents.
Required documents
1.Passport (passport)
2.Visa application
4.Original Certificate of Residence and 1 copy

Step5) Come to Japan and enroll in specialization / miscellaneous schools

When you come to Japan, please perform the following necessary procedures in addition to the admission procedures.
Registration of residence card
The "Residence Card" is issued equally to medium- to long-term residents with a period of stay of 6 months or more.
Registration procedure
1. If you first enter Japan from Narita Airport, Haneda Airport, Chubu Airport, Kansai Airport, New Chitose Airport, Hiroshima Airport, or Fukuoka Airport, you will be issued a residence card when you permit landing. Once you have decided on your place of residence in Japan, you must bring your residence card and notify the municipal office of your place of residence within 14 days.
2. If you enter the country from a airport other than the ones listed above: At the time of immigration, your passport will be stamped with a "Residence Card issued at a later date". The residence card will be mailed to the notified place of residence in about one week after the notification of the place of residence (resident registration).
Join the National Health Insurance
If your period of stay exceeds 3 months, you will need to join.
If you do not join and go to a hospital or clinic due to illness or injury, you will have to pay a large amount of medical expenses. By subscribing in advance, you can reduce the financial burden associated with treatment.
Bring your passport, residence card, and other personal identification documents to the National Health Insurance counter of the municipality where your address is registered.
If you join the National Health Insurance, you will be issued a health insurance card.
Joining the national pension
This is a public pension system for all registered residents in Japan. If you are over 20 years old and your period of stay exceeds 3 months, you will need to join.
Enrollment procedure
Bring your passport, residence card, and other personal certificates to the national pension counter of the municipality where your address is registered, and submit the national pension insured person-related notification. Approximately one month later, you will receive your National Pension Handbook and National Pension Premium Payment Form.
Keep the pension book in a safe place as it will be needed by international students when they find employment in Japan in the future.
Students who have difficulty paying insurance premiums can apply for the special student payment system, which postpones payment. You can apply at the time of enrollment procedure, so please consult with the national pension office or pension office of the municipality where you registered your address.


〇Work in japan

2022 Japanese companies
actively recruiting foreigners

It is said that "the recruitment of foreigners in Japan is expanding" and many companies are actually focusing on it.
Here we introduce some companies that are actively recruiting foreign nationals. If you are a foreigner who wishes to find a job in Japan, please check them out.

Rakuten Group,Inc.
Rakuten Group owns companies in various industries, including e-commerce, telecommunications, finance, real estate, and sports, and is the operator of Rakuten Ichiba, one of Japan's largest online shopping malls.
Rakuten has long been active in hiring non-Japanese employees, and has implemented initiatives such as making English the official language of the company.
[External Link]
Recruiting‐Rakuten Group

It is no exaggeration to say that Mercari is the company that focuses most on hiring foreigners in Japan.
A support team for foreign employees, called "GOT," has also been established within the company.They also provide interpretation and translation services.
[External Link]
Mercari Careers

Fast Retailing operates the UNIQLO brand.Due to its explosive popularity overseas, the company is aggressive in hiring foreign nationals.
Fast Retailing is so committed to globalization that it declared in 2010 that it would make English its official language.
[External Link]
ファーストリテイリンググループ採用情報 (in Japanese)

Panasonic Corporation
"Panasonic" is a world-class electronics manufacturer.The company is so large that even overseas there is no one who does not know about it, and it is aggressive in hiring foreigners.
In 2016, the company established a "Global Human Resources" department dedicated to the recruitment of foreign nationals, which is unique in that it is considering hiring on a global scale.In addition to recruiting foreigners in Japan, the recruitment website also has a page for overseas subsidiaries.
[External Link]
採用情報‐パナソニック ホールディングス (in Japanese)

SoftBank Group Corp.
Softbank is a major Japanese telecommunications company that operates a wide range of businesses from telecommunications to robotics both domestically and internationally.
The appeal of SoftBank is that excellent personnel can challenge employment with the same treatment as Japanese people, regardless of nationality or language.About 10% of new hires each year are foreign nationals.
[External Link]
New Graduate Recruitment

NTT Communications Corporation.
NTT Communications is one of Japan's leading telecommunications companies.It is one of the major companies in the NTT Group.
The company is quite focused on hiring foreigners, with 20% of its new graduates being non-Japanese.Internal communication is also conducted in English and Japanese, in an effort to facilitate smooth communication.
[External Link]
採用情報‐NTTコミュニケーションズ (in Japanese)

FamilyMart Co., Ltd.
FamilyMart is a major convenience store.
FamilyMart has welcomed foreign employees from 10 countries, mainly from Asia, including international students and recent graduates from overseas, and promoted them in various positions.Foreign nationals account for 20% of new graduate hires.
[External Link]
採用情報 - ファミリーマート (in Japanese)

Honda Motor Co., Ltd.
Honda is one of the world's most well-known and prestigious automakers.Because we are a globally active company, we actively recruit non-Japanese employees.
The original selection route called the "Foreign Student Course" is available, allowing foreign nationals to apply with confidence.Another feature of the company is its large commitment to "diversity promotion" without regard to nationality or race.
[External Link]
採用情報 - 本田技研工業 (in Japanese)

Hitachi Transport System, Ltd.
Hitachi Transport System, Ltd. is a logistics company of the Hitachi Group, one of the leading logistics companies in Japan.The ratio of foreign employees in the company is more than 70%.
Hitachi Transport System are actively recruiting foreign students and other foreign nationals, and have even appeared at events for foreign job media.
[External Link]
採用 - 日立物流 (in Japanese)

Ajinomoto Co., Inc.
Ajinomoto is one of Japan's top food manufacturers and is so large that there is no one who does not know its name.
The percentage of foreigners in the company is over 70%, and they hire several foreigners every year.
[External Link]
採用情報 - 味の素グループ (in Japanese)



Ranking of Japanese Universities
by Number of International Students 2020

1.Waseda University (Tokyo)Total 4,742

[School Features]
A traditional campus rich in nature in the heart of the city. A university with 13 faculties and 20 graduate schools.
Degree programs in English in 7 faculties and 14 graduate schools.
With a network of more than 650,000 alumni around the world, you will continue to expand your network of contacts even after graduation.
[International Student Support System, etc.]
More than 150 scholarships are available for international students. Approximately 40% of international students receive these scholarships.
A number of student dormitories have been established for international students. There are directly managed dormitories within a 30-minute commute from the Waseda, Toyama, and Nishiwaseda campuses, where international and Japanese students live together.
The Center for Intercultural Exchange holds more than 250 international exchange events between Japanese and foreign students each year.

[External Link]
・Center for International Education - Waseda University

2.University of Tokyo
(Tokyo)Total 4,076

[School Features]
Undergraduate education at the University of Tokyo is characterized by a broad liberal arts education in the first semester to build basic skills. With the academic competence developed there, students will advance to advanced specialized education in the second semester of the program.
Each department offers diverse, high-level courses to hone the talents of students and put them on the cutting edge of their respective fields of study.
[International Student Support System, etc.]
Tuition reduction and exemption system and various scholarship programs are available.
Consultation services are available for a variety of content and purposes.
The company is committed to supporting students in their post-graduation career choices.

[External Link]
・International Student Handbook - University of Tokyo
・Website for international Students - University of Tokyo

3.Japan University of Economics
(Fukuoka・Hyogo・Tokyo)Total 3,355

[School Features]
Practical classes support students who want to start their own businesses.
Learn from faculty in a variety of specialties.
Teach each person individually.
Faculty members provide employment guidance in the classroom. The school boasts a high employment rate.
[International Student Support System, etc.]
Special student program is available.

[External Link]
Japan University of Economics

 4.Kyoto University (Kyoto)Total 2,600
   [External Link]
   ・ Kyoto University

 5.Osaka University (Osaka)Total 2,521
   [External Link]
   ・Study at Osaka University - Osaka University

 6.Ritsumeikan Asia Pacific University (Oita)Total 2,509
   [External Link]
   ・Study Abroad at APU - Ritsumeikan Asia Pacific University

 7.Ritsumeikan University (Kyoto・Shiga・Osaka・Tokyo)Total 2,462人
   [External Link]
   ・ Ritsumeikan University

 8.Kyushu University (Fukuoka)Total 2,328
   [External Link]
   ・ Kyushu University

 9.University of Tsukuba (Ibaraki)Total 2,247
   [External Link]
   ・ University of Tsukuba

10.TOHOKU UNIVERSITY (Miyagi)Total 2,081
    [External Link]
As of May 1, 2021 Survey by Japan Student Services Organization

[External Link]
Japan Student Services Organization